Deck Staining: An Overview

  1. Types of painting and decorating services
  2. Exterior painting
  3. Deck staining

Are you looking for the perfect way to protect and enhance your outdoor living space? If so, then deck staining is one of the best options available. Deck staining provides a protective barrier that helps keep your deck safe from the elements and can also add a touch of color and style to your outdoor area. It's a great way to extend the life of your deck and make sure it looks great for years to come. In this article, we'll provide an overview of deck staining, including what it is, why you should consider it, and how to go about finding the right staining solution for your deck. Read on to learn more about this popular way of protecting and enhancing your outdoor area. The first step in any deck staining project is choosing the right type of stain.

There are two main categories of deck stains: water-based and oil-based. Water-based stains are easy to use and clean up, but they don't provide as much protection as oil-based stains. Oil-based stains provide more protection against the elements, but they can be harder to work with and require more maintenance over time. Once you've chosen the right type of stain, it's important to prepare your deck properly before applying the stain.

This includes cleaning the surface to remove any dirt, debris, or mildew, and sanding down any rough patches or splinters. You should also make sure that your deck is free from any loose nails or screws that could interfere with the stain application process. When it comes to actually applying the stain, there are a few things to keep in mind. It's important to use a brush that is specifically designed for staining decks and ensure that you use even strokes when applying the stain.

Make sure that you start in one corner and work your way out for a more even finish. After applying the stain, you should let it sit for at least 24 hours before adding a sealant or topcoat. Finally, it's important to remember that deck staining is an ongoing process. You should inspect your deck periodically for signs of wear or damage, such as fading or cracking, and reapply the stain as needed to keep it looking its best.

You should also clean your deck regularly with a mild detergent and a soft brush to help keep it looking its best.

Preparing Your Deck

Before you start any deck staining project, it is important to properly prepare the deck for optimal results. This includes properly cleaning, sanding, and repairing any damages or imperfections.


Cleaning your deck is essential in order to remove any debris, dirt, and mildew that has built up over time. You can use a pressure washer or a brush and a cleaning solution to ensure that all dirt is removed.

SandingOnce the deck has been cleaned, it is important to sand the surface. Sanding will help to remove any rough patches and will make the deck more even and smoother. It is important to use the right grit of sandpaper for your deck material.


If there are any cracks, holes, or other imperfections on the deck, it is important to repair them before applying any stain. You can use wood filler or epoxy to fill in any cracks or holes in the wood. By taking the time to properly prepare your deck before staining, you can ensure that the stain will be applied correctly and will last for years to come.


It is important to inspect your deck periodically for signs of wear or damage.

This will help you identify any areas that need to be repaired, as well as determine if a new coat of stain needs to be applied. Staining can help protect the wood from the elements, including moisture, UV rays, and temperature fluctuations. The frequency with which you need to reapply a stain depends on a number of factors, such as the type of wood, the amount of direct sunlight it receives, and the climate. Generally speaking, decks in climates with higher temperatures and humidity will need to be stained more often.

If your deck is exposed to direct sunlight or is in an area with heavy foot traffic, it may require more frequent staining. Additionally, if your deck has a lot of furniture or other items on it, the stain may need to be reapplied more often. Typically, it is recommended that decks be stained every two to three years. However, this can vary depending on the factors mentioned above.

In any case, it is important to inspect your deck regularly for signs of wear and tear and contact a professional if you need assistance with staining your deck.

Types of Deck Stains

When it comes to deck staining, there are two main types of stains available: water-based and oil-based. Each type of stain has its own unique benefits and drawbacks, so it is important to understand the difference between them in order to choose the right one for your project.

Water-based Deck Stains:

Water-based deck stains are the most common type of stain and are generally easier to apply than oil-based stains. They are also more environmentally friendly and provide a more consistent finish.

The downside is that they can be less durable than oil-based stains and may require more frequent touch-ups.

Oil-Based Deck Stains:

Oil-based deck stains are more durable and provide a longer lasting finish than water-based stains. They also offer a better protection against moisture and UV damage, making them a great choice for outdoor spaces. The downside is that they can be harder to apply and require more time for drying and curing. In conclusion, it is important to understand the differences between water-based and oil-based deck stains before making a decision. Both types of stains have their own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to determine which one is best suited for your project before beginning.

Applying the Stain

Deck staining is a great way to protect and enhance the look of your outdoor space.

It is important to understand that there are different types of stains available and the application process can vary depending on the type of stain you choose. To ensure the best results, follow these steps for properly applying a deck stain:Clean the DeckBefore applying any stain, it is important to thoroughly clean the deck. This will help remove dirt, debris and other contaminants that can affect the performance of the stain. Use a pressure washer or a good scrub brush to remove surface dirt and grime.

Sand the Deck

If the deck is weathered or has been previously stained, it is important to sand the surface before applying a new coat.

This will help ensure that the new stain adheres properly and will help create a smooth finish. Use a medium-grit sandpaper to gently sand the surface.

Apply Stain

Once the deck has been properly cleaned and sanded, you are ready to apply the stain. Choose a high-quality stain that is appropriate for your deck's material. Apply the stain using a brush or roller, working from one corner outwards.

Make sure to cover all surfaces evenly and avoid leaving any gaps or streaks.

Allow Stain to Dry

Once you have applied the stain, allow it to dry completely before walking on the deck or using it for any purpose. Depending on the type of stain used, this can take anywhere from a few hours to several days. Check the product label for drying times and follow all directions carefully. In conclusion, deck staining is an essential part of protecting and enhancing the look of your outdoor space. By understanding the different types of stains available and how to apply them correctly, you can be sure to achieve the best results and keep your deck looking great for years to come.

To ensure the best outcome, take the time to properly prepare your deck before applying the stain, and remember to perform maintenance regularly. With the right deck staining techniques, you can make sure that your outdoor space looks beautiful and remains protected from the elements.

Erica Sagedahl
Erica Sagedahl

Surrey blogger and writer. I love interior design, colours and everything in between! I love seeing the final results after a property refurbishment.